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In modern music, the latest squeak of fashion always turns out to be at the intersection of styles.

EDITORIALMars Resources, Stop Crane Job, and Other Best Letters of the MonthOur readers write us many interesting letters, and the author of the best gets a valuable prize from the editorial board. Today we have before us the best letters of the January issue.

ADRENALINRussian ATV on the Dakar: how it’s doneTim SkorenkoIn an ordinary auto repair shop on the outskirts of Yekaterinburg, ordinary guys build the coolest ATV on their own, on which pilot Sergey Karjakin will go to conquer the famous Dakar rally-marathon in a few days. We specially went to the Urals to look at it – and yes, now we have no doubt in our own people. So, an ATV for the Dakar.

EDITORIALLetter from the editor-in-chief about specialization in scienceSergey ApresovIn modern music, the latest squeak of fashion always turns out to be at the intersection of styles. They mixed rock and chanson – blew up the chart, mixed electronics and folk – blew up the dance floor, mixed classics and jazz – blew up the club scene. Mixed – blew up, mixed – blew up. In science, everything is different: the deeper we penetrate into the secrets of the Universe, the more the specialization of individual scientists narrows and the more difficult it becomes to read articles in scientific journals.

IN EACH ROOMLetter from the editorReaders’ lettersTime MachineTechnoparadeTechnoshowWhat you need!Professions

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EDITORIALAlexander the Greek about the most important things over the past 15 yearsAlexander the GreekThis year, several funny stories happened in our editorial office: our successful heroes admitted to us that they have been reading Popular Mechanics since childhood. The first such recognition plunged me into a small shock – are we really that old?

THE SCIENCELiving factories: how to get animals to produce materials of the futureRoman FishmanGlowing spider web and silk with nanotubes: Scientists are ready to turn animals and plants into factories for the production of materials of the future.

TECHNOLOGIESSea Launch: the fate of the floating cosmodrome in Russian handsAlexander the GreekThis year, one of the most interesting and revolutionary international space projects of the late 20th century, Sea Launch, went into private hands. Popular Mechanics met with a man who decided to breathe new life into the cosmodrome, and at the same time save unique rocket technologies.

GadgetsSolar Impulse 2 and Omega watchesOleg MakarovThe Solar Impulse 2 "solar" plane is full of technical paradoxes. Its wingspan is slightly less than that of the A380, but the maximum take-off weight is only 2 tons. It has four engines, but it cannot overtake a Ferrari, and the car takes off from the ground already at a snail’s speed of 36 km / h. This is a demonstrator of amazing technologies that have yet to be realized, a real hello from the future. The time to this future, together with the creators of Solar Impulse, counts down the Omega watch.

TECHNOLOGIESRoute M-11 "Moscow – St. Petersburg": computers on the modern roadDaniil KuznetsovBy the end of 2018, Moscow and St. Petersburg will be connected by a new highway M-11. High-quality coverage, safety, up to 10 traffic lanes and an estimated speed of 150 km / h will allow you to quickly and comfortably get from one capital to another by car. True, you will have to fork out: M-11 is a toll road.

GadgetsSafe in your pocket: Henderson anti-theft jackets and walletsAnastasia ShartogashevaPickpockets of the XXI century do not work with cash, but write off money from smartphones and bank cards. Catching a criminal is difficult: to steal, he only needs to swipe the reader a few centimeters from your wallet or smartphone. But the owners of new models of HENDERSON jackets and wallets are protected from such losses.

THE SCIENCEResurrection queueRoman FishmanThe return to life of extinct species in the Long Now Foundation is viewed as an almost accomplished phenomenon. Founded by renowned writer and biologist Stuart Brand, the organization intends to provide genetic support to endangered populations and work to "decay" the already extinct. However, in the first stages, scientists identify the most promising candidates for the "resurrection". They have plenty of options – here are just a few of the most interesting and promising candidates.

CARSCombines: modern, RussianAlexander the GreekAs a child, I had two dreams – to sit at the levers of a tank and the steering wheel of a combine. Both are understandable: tankers and combine operators did not leave the TV screens. And if I saw tanks only in the army, then I often watched the harvesters in the surrounding fields: these giants, walking along the golden seas of wheat, fascinated. Oddly enough, it turned out to be easier to ride the tanks. But I didn’t manage to work on the combine. Until recently.

TECHNOLOGIESCaverns: voids in the bottom of a ship, or how it worksOleg MakarovWater is a native element for the ship. But too viscous. Vessels can have an almost unlimited carrying capacity, incomparable with any other mode of transport, but in the same way they are inferior in speed to almost all types. To get the ship to move faster, you have to spend a lot of energy, make a more durable hull, or … slightly lift the ship from the water.

WEAPONRussian drones with a pulsating rocket engineOleg Makarov“Oh, wow! Yes, this is "V-1", – we exclaimed when we saw an exhibit of one of the stands at the exhibition "Army-2017". And no, it was not an exposition dedicated to the history of rocketry. The product was the product of a Russian company, the only one in our country to serially produce aircraft with a pulsating air-jet engine (PUVRD). To find out what is good about this seemingly gone down in history power plant and how far its design has advanced since the Second World War, we went to Kazan.

WEAPONSuicide Drones: Loitering AmmunitionAlexander the GreekTen years ago, at the Eurosatory arms exhibition in Paris, we came across an interesting exhibit at the stand of the British company BAE Systems – a mock-up of the Fire Shadow loitering ammunition. Actually, then we heard the first time this term – loitering munition (loitering ammunition), which later acquired the synonyms suicide drone and kamikaze drone.

ADRENALINThe dogma of speed. How the world’s best road bike worksAnastasia ShartogashevaThe Italian PINARELLO DOGMA F10 is perhaps the best road bike to date: it has won the Tour de France and Vuelta Spain races this year, and is used by Russian professionals and amateurs of cycling and triathlon. DOGMA is a piece product: the company mainly manufactures hand-assembled bicycles … The four-time Russian cycling champion Yuri Amelkhin told PM about what the F10 is so good at.

CARSArctic burlak: Russian all-terrain vehicle for the northOleg MakarovIf the villain Stapleton from The Dog of the Baskervilles had such a car, he could, without risking anything, ride deep into the Grimpen Bog, carry with him his nightmarish giant dog and much more. The Burlak snow and swamp-going vehicle, the pre-production model of which was built in Yekaterinburg, is a real truck, it does not care deep snow, ice, water, swamps.

EDITORIALDo stars meet in extragalactic space?Why has Popular Mechanics changed noticeably lately? How many lightning strikes the Ostankino TV tower per year? Is it true that babies can breathe and swallow at the same time? How much gold is in seawater? – what you always wanted to know, but were afraid to ask.

THE SCIENCEFuture Predictions from Jules Verne, Hiram Maxim and Winston ChurchillOleg MakarovThis year, the Russian Popular Mechanics celebrated its 15th anniversary, and the American Popular Mechanics – 115! By this respectable date, our "parent" edition boasts a unique list of authors. Writers, scientists, inventors, American presidents, pilots, and astronauts have written for Popular Mechanics. Sometimes they acted as visionaries, trying to predict the future, for us already in the past. Here are just a few examples of forecasts made by famous people on the pages of the magazine.

THE SCIENCEWe go to a thunderstorm: how lightning is bornRoman FishmanNext summer, the sensor-hung glider will dive into the center of a thundercloud to see the birth of lightning for the first time.

WEAPONBaltic Trafalgar: how Russia fought with SwedenEvgeny NorinThe idea of ​​the wars between Russia and Sweden for most of our fellow citizens is exhausted by the clash of the titans in the era of Peter I. In fact, the "Swedish great power" did not stop after the Nystad peace, and the end to the confrontation was put already in the time of Alexander I.

IN EACH ROOMEditor’s Letter 4From Our Readers 10Technoparade 18Slideshow 30Autofishka 86What you need! 102What common? 122

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TECHNOLOGIESGame for real men (26)Alexander the GreekYou need to play Caliber to find out who is better. To protect the good from the bad. To win.

THE SCIENCEMoon Hare, Potatoes and Stars (34)Roman FishmanFirst mission on the far side of the moon.

TECHNOLOGIESI’ll come by taxi (38)Oleg TitkovToday, air transport services in urban environments are no longer unusual. Helicopter taxi can be called in several major cities around the world. It is easy to assume that, like land, urban air transport will gradually shift to electric traction.

THE SCIENCEAction taken (46)Roman FishmanNew definitions of basic quantities finally decouple them from unreliable standards.

TECHNOLOGIESShaved-shaved (48)Anastasia ShartogashevaIt is more humane than a machine, it allows you to experiment with the length of the bristles, take care of your beard, and shaves gently and painlessly.

TECHNOLOGIESGift of the Volcano (50)Oleg MakarovMillions of years ago, a volcano woke up at the bottom of the sea. Part of what he brought from the bowels to the surface, over time, turned into the largest deposit.

THE SCIENCEBillions Game (58)Oleg LishchukThe stakes in these board games are greater than life or even a million lives.

TECHNOLOGIESOut of the depth (64)Anastasia ShartogashevaThis camera was supposed to stand at the intersection and watch the crowd, but its fate turned out differently: for the second year in its lens there are only starfish, algae and irregularities in the seabed.

CINEMACyborgs Today and 500 Years Later (68)Edward KatsmanCyborgs today and 500 years from now.

TECHNOLOGIESVinyl runner (70)Alexander the GreekA unique recording studio where you can order and make copies of analog vinyl from scratch.

TECHNOLOGIESCreative backwoods (74)Oleg MakarovThe heart of the billion-dollar IKEA concern is located in a remote province.

WEAPONExplosion (80)Oleg MakarovA chair that will save you from a mine.

WEAPON(De) disguise (84)Roman FishmanThe main camouflages of the armies of the world.

ARTIFACTSoap Bubbles Melody Young (94)Anastasia ShartogashevaShe is the only person in the world for whom bubbles are a family business. Melody has devoted her whole life to them.

IN EACH ROOMEditor’s Letter 4From readers 8Questions and answers 10Technoparade 12Slideshow 20Autofishka 78What You Need 86What common? 98

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TECHNOLOGIESThe ax floats (24)Oleg MakarovA small revolution took place in shipbuilding: a ship with a strange appearance entered the sea.

TECHNOLOGIESEvery Second Counts (32)Oleg MakarovIn search and rescue operations, a clear timing is a priority.

TECHNOLOGIESRocket maneuver (34)Mikhail KotovIn an effort to confirm the title of "Russian Spacex", 57 Space is accelerating the creation of its own space launch vehicles and a new generation spacecraft.

TECHNOLOGIESEnergy Reserve (40)Anastasia ShartogashevaBattery capacity is a factor inhibiting technological progress. There are no fundamentally new batteries yet. And those that are there are not enough even for the most necessary. Making use of the available technologies, engineers from Skolkovo assemble a solution for everyone: a whole kWh in a box the size of a system unit.

THE SCIENCE 1984 george orwell analysisMechanic in Hell (42)Roman FishmanAREE probe – hi-tech without microcircuits and wires. No electronics, just old school and loyal mechanics.

TECHNOLOGIESBlade Runners (46)Roman Fishman“Every man is unique,” ​​we have heard this phrase more than once at the Gillette Research Center.

THE SCIENCESleep of Minds (48)Daniil KuznetsovHibernation is one of the key technologies for long manned missions into deep space.

TECHNOLOGIESJapanese Future (52)Anastasia ShartogashevaPanasonic technology for the next 100 years

TECHNOLOGIESExhibition of Achievements (54)Alexander the GreekLegged smartphone, electronic cat toilet, tail wagging pillow, quasi-satellites and other achievements of Japanese corporations.

TECHNOLOGIESWork horses (58)Anastasia ShartogashevaThey have powerful graphics cards and the best processors available today. They are not made for games, but for serious work. You can rely on them for years of reliable business notebooks. And their batteries last until the last – ten, or even twenty hours.

TECHNOLOGIESBlack Sea classic (60)Oleg MakarovTime-tested technologies for the production of sparkling wines.

CARSLosses are great (62)Roman FishmanElectric motor vs internal combustion engine.

CARSHeterodynamics (66)Alexander PonomarevTest drive "Godzilla" – the iconic Nissan GT-R.

WEAPONThe Whisper That Kills (68)Alexander the GreekNo rifle in the world is capable of doing such tricks and leaving such bullet holes. Except DVL-10 M1 "Saboteur".

WEAPONHigh-explosive downpour (72)Andrey KotsHatchet are capable of carrying airplanes and helicopters. But the greatest danger is posed by a swarm of shock UAVs equipped with the Hatchet.

ADRENALINBig Races (88)Evgeny NorinHistoric ride: pioneers of motorsport travel around the world.

ARTIFACTEntomological design by Matilde Bulhauer (94)Anastasia ShartogashevaTo love insects, you need to feed them, take care of them and … eat.

IN EACH ROOMEditor’s Letter 3From readers 6Questions and answers 8Technoparade 10Slideshow 20Autofishka 64Just right 78What common? 98

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Anastasia Shartogasheva"Popular Mechanics" # 10, 2019

Already this fall at the Moscow State Technical University. Bauman will be assembled and prepared for launch by a solar sail, which will carry away and place two satellites in the near-earth orbit – the Yarilo mission. Nikolai Nerovny, a spacecraft engineer and participant of the Yarilo project, told us about how solar sails are arranged and the intricacies of sailing navigation in space.

Solar sails are a lot like ship sails. Instead of wind, they use the pressure of sunlight on a mirror surface, but both of them allow you to move forward without spending energy and easy to maneuver. And the disadvantages of solar sails are the same: low carrying capacity and acceleration. But if at sea sails have long given way to engines, then in space they seem to have a great future. There are calculations according to which a sailing spaceship is a very convenient means of travel to asteroids and back – for example, with a load of ore mined there.

Remove masts

Unlike ship sails, solar sails can easily do without rigging. There are options for frame solar sails, but, according to Nikolai, there are more problems with them than with frameless ones – heliorotor ones, which are kept in an extended state not by the mast and yards, but by centrifugal force.

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